The 2000's were a time of heightened struggle and conflict for communities of the Haudenosaunee (Six Nations) Confederacy located within territories fraudulently occupied and claimed by Canada.
"Under such conditions, there is little doubt that European military commanders welcomed the effects of disease on hostile Indigenous populations. Nor would they have been ignorant to the concept of biological warfare itself."
After almost exactly 20 years of struggle and land reclamation, St’at’imc people's resistance has successfully stopped the development of a proposed ski resort in their territory, as the British Columbia government's assessment office has finally canceled the Environmental Assessment Certificate for the project.
The Mapuche have always believed that the world would end if they did not resist the colonizers, and have called on the spirits of their ancestors to aid them in battle.
The Secwépemc people’s resistance to colonization is rooted in their spirituality, which is based on the balance brought by the Creator and his helper, Coyote.
How Kanehsata:ke Mohawks stopped an invasion by an outside police force initiated by the band council's Grand Chief in 2004.
Connected to wâhkôhtowin are several other principles or laws, such as miyo-wîcêhtowin, which is the intentional cultivation of good relations, as opposed to the tolerance of just any way of relating to each other, however harmful.